Hydroponics Clone, Lighting, Fertilizer
After years of experience trying every method available I found several ways to be productive, save time and money. The first thing you need is one good plant from each species that you plan to grow. Set up a small area for these plants using a cheap fluorescent or LED grow light. What you want to do is grow these plants to use as mother plants for cloning. This is very important because the clones tend to grow faster and heavier harvest. Make a clone from a clone then use it for the mother plant and you should see this result. If not get a different plant.
Keep the lights on for 10 to 12 hours a day to keep the plants in growth stage. When they are big enough take cuttings by going back far enough to get 2 or 3 branching sections and cut the stem at a angle. Be sure the stem is long enough to dip in root hormone. Keep the cuttings in the same area as the mother plant for 10 days then put them into the hydroponics system. After they reach 12 to 16 inches change the light time back to start flowering. This will make beefy heavy plants 4 to 5 foot tall in 45 to 60 days.
The best way to keep the light bill down and not have stretched skinny plants is to use light rails and a traveling motor. One light can take the place of three and cover a 4’x 16′ area without causing plant stretching. Using a high pressure sodium bulb or the new LED grow lights will increase harvest. Light rails stop hot spots and get light to shaded leaves promoting growth.
Very important is to use the right plant food. Miracle Grow for Roses works well in hydroponic systems. This will also save money on PH balance and specialty hydro supplies.
DIY Hydro System
How about DIY hydro system? Rain Gutter for houses can be used to build your own system. Also an aquarium water pump run into a PVC pipe with outlet holes drilled where you need them works great.
I used one of these DIY systems on a 16′ half inch plywood table framed to house floor specs. and at 49 days the plants were so big and heavy the table broke in half. Any questions please leave a comment and I will be glad to reply.